Because it controls the use of land, the zoning ordinance is probably the single most effective means of implementing a community’s comprehensive plan and land use plan. The City’s current zoning ordinance was adopted in 1979 and updated in 2006. The City is in the process of a conducting a comprehensive amendment to the zoning ordinance to streamline development reviews, reduce nonconforming uses and land, and to align the code with the city’s vision.
Gridley, Allin, & Prickett Form-Based Code
In 2007, the City adopted the Gridley, Allin & Prickett (GAP) Form-Based zoning code for the Gridley, Allin & Prickett neighborhood located on Bloomington’s west side. Form based zoning attempts to respect the character of an existing neighborhood by ensuring that new developments are compatible with the built environment. New construction would have to conform to certain standards such as being similar in size and scale to the structures next to it. The code allows for smaller lot sizes, walkable neighborhoods and promotes compatible façade features and streetscapes. The GAP Form Based Code regulations include uses, parking, and landscape standards, as well as building type standards. Click on the link below to view the code.
Zoning Districts, which designate certain uses as permitted or restricted in certain areas, guide orderly development of the City.
There are zoning districts for agricultural, residential, office, business, and manufacturing uses. There are special districts for airport, university, and public uses such as parks. Overlay districts have requirements in addition to the zoning district that they affect. For example, the airport noise impact overlay serves to restrict the development of noise sensitive uses in areas with unique noise impacts emanating from aircraft operations. The S-4 Historic preservation overlay requires a review by the Historic Preservation Commission before altering exterior features of a historic structure. Click here for the current zoning map (PDF).